The second phase of the UK-led Joint Warrior (JW) 20-2 exercise has commenced in the Atlantic Ocean.

The exercise incorporates surface, subsurface, airborne, and land assets in a joint training for NATO units.

It also has a certification of Forward-Deployed Naval Forces (FDNF) in order to prepare them to operate as part of a Combined/Joint Task Force.

Task Force (CTF) 65 commander Captain Joseph Gagliano said: “Joint Warrior is our premier venue for recertifying our ships for fleet operations, and the synergy with the Royal Navy could not be better.

“We count on them to keep our ships ready, and they can always count on our commitment to security in this theater.”

The US Navy and US Marine Corps (USMC) will join maritime, land, and air units from allied and partner nations of Nato.

Over 6,000 personnel, 81 aircraft, 28 ships and two submarines from 13 nations will take part in the exercise.

The participating nations are Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the UK, and the US.

Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyers USS Donald Cook (DDG 75) and USS Ross (DDG 71) and FDNF assigned to CTF 65 in Rota, Spain are the participating US Navy assets.

Florida-based Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS The Sullivans (DDG 68), which is attached to the Queen Elizabeth carrier strike group, is also participating.

The Military Sealift Command’s (MSC) Lewis and Clark-class dry cargo ship USNS Medgar Evers and two P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol and a reconnaissance aircraft are also taking part in the exercise.

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 211 ‘The Wake Island Avengers’, eight F-35 Lightning aircraft, and a detachment from 2d Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company on Queen Elizabeth are the participating US Marine Corps assets.

In October last year, almost 4,000 personnel, 58 aircraft, 16 ships and three submarines began mass wargames in Scotland for Exercise Joint Warrior.