The Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) has announced the delivery of fifth Kalvari-class or Project 75 submarine, named Vagir (Yard 11879).

The new submarine was handed over to the Indian Navy on 20 December.

Indian shipbuilder Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders (MDL) in Mumbai, Maharashtra, in close coordination with French company Naval Group, is constructing the vessels of the class.

All the six Project 75 submarines are being built indigenously based on the design of Naval Group’s Scorpene-class vessels.

The Indian Navy will now commission Vagir into the service to enhance the fleet’s existing capabilities.

The latest milestone comes after the completion of Vagir’s sea trials that commenced in February this year to validate the performance of the submarine’s onboard sensors and weapon systems.

The MoD said that the trials were completed successfully in the ‘shortest time’ in comparison to the first four Kalvari-class submarines.

Besides, the MoD revealed that Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE) has launched the first anti-submarine warfare shallow watercraft (ASW SWC) for the Indian Navy.

It was launched during a ceremony at Larsen & Toubro (L&T) Shipbuilding’s yard in Kattupalli, Chennai on 20 December.

During the event, the new vessel made its first contact with the waters of Bay of Bengal, while Indian MoD financial advisor Rasika Chaube named the new ship as ‘Arnala’.

Contract for the construction of 16 ASW SWC vessels for the Indian Navy was awarded to GRSE and Cochin Shipyard (CSL) in 2019.

Each company is responsible for constructing eight vessels. The new ASW SWC ships will replace the Navy’s Abhay-class vessels.