Naval forces from India, Japan, the US and Australia will commence the second phase of the annual maritime exercise Malabar 2021 from 12-15 October.

Hosted by the US Navy and conducted in the Bay of Bengal, the 25th edition of Malabar 2021 is being carried out in two phases.

The exercise is designed to improve the planning, training, and employment of advanced warfare tactics between the participating nations.

The Indian Navy will be represented by INS Ranvijay, INS Satpura, P8I long range maritime patrol aircraft and a submarine.

The US Navy’s aircraft carrier USS Carl, as well as destroyers USS Lake Champlain and USS Stockdale, are taking part in the exercise.

HMAS Ballarat and HMAS Sirius will represent the Royal Australian Navy and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force by JS Kaga and JS Murasame in the exercise.

In a statement, the Indian Ministry of Defence said that the second phase of the exercise will build upon the coordination and inter-operability developed during the first Phase of the exercise, which took place in August this year.

It would focus on advanced surface and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) exercises and weapon firings, among others.

During the first phase, the four navies operated in the Philippines Sea to hone their skills in joint maritime operations, ASW operations, air warfare operations as well as live-fire gunnery events.

The first phase also included replenishments-at-sea, cross-deck flight operations, and maritime interdiction operations.

In 1992, the Malabar series of exercises began as an annual bilateral naval exercise between India and the US.