Type 071 landing platform dock, Changbai Shan (989), at Nieuwe Waterweg, Rotterdam. Credit: kees torn.
Kunlun Shan (998) LPD was commissioned into service in November 2007. Credit: Navy Office of Legislative Affairs.
A close forward view of the Changbai Shan (989) LPD. Credit: Ministerie van Defensie.
The fourth LPD in class, Yimeng Shan (988), was commissioned in February 2016. Credit: Emperornie.

Type 071 landing platform dock (LPD) is a new class of amphibious warfare vessels built by Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding, a subsidiary of China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC), for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).

Type 071 LPD is primarily deployed in amphibious landing missions but can also conduct humanitarian aid and civilian evacuation missions.

The first LPD in the series, Kunlun Shan (998), was launched in December 2006 and commissioned in November 2007. Jinggang Shan (999), the second vessel in the series, was floated out in November 2010 and inducted into service in October 2011.

The third ship in the class, Changbai Shan (989), was launched in September 2011 and entered service with the PLAN in September 2012. Yimeng Shan (988) was launched in January 2015 and commissioned in February 2016.

A modified variant of the Type 071 LPD was offered by the China State Shipbuilding & Trading Corp (CSTC) consortium for the Royal Malaysian Navy.

Type 071 LPD design and features

Type 071 LPD ships feature a unique hull platform that offers a large dock space. The ship also has dedicated space for medical care and is equipped with a fresh water supply system. The stabilisers fitted to the vessel reduce roll and improve stability in high sea states.

The high volumes of internal space support the installation of additional communications systems, which make the ship a fleet command and control centre during amphibious operations.

Type 071 LPD has a length of 210m, beam of 28m and draft of 7m. The full load displacement of the vessel is 25,000t.

Cargo housing capacities

The amphibious warfare ship features a vehicle deck, well-deck, landing deck, and hanger. It can carry a combination of marines, vehicles, landing craft, and helicopters.

The vehicle deck can house amphibious assault vehicles including ZBD05 amphibious IFV, and ZTD-05 amphibious assault tracked armoured vehicle. The stern ramp, two side doors and ramps allow rapid loading of the vehicles and equipment.

The well deck houses up to four landing craft air-cushioned (LCAC), which can transfer vehicles or marines to the shore at high speed. The LCAC are launched by flooding the docking area. The vessel can also carry landing craft on port / starboard davits.

The stern helicopter deck offers two landing spots for supporting the operations of two Z-8 (SA 321 Super Frelon) transport helicopters. The twin-door cantilever hangar can house up to four Z-8 helicopters.

The LPD also has the capacity to carry a marine battalion, including up to 800 marines and associated equipment and supplies.

Armament and countermeasures

The bow deck is installed with an AK-176 76mm naval gun system. The vessel is also armed with four 30mm AK-630 close-in weapon systems (CIWS). Countermeasures are provided by four 18-tube Type 726-4 decoy or chaff launchers.

Type 071 LPD radars

The LPD is equipped with a Type 360 (Seagull-S) air / surface search radar operating on E / F-band frequencies, a Type 364 G-band air search radar, a Type 344 I-band fire control radar, and a navigation radar.

CODAD propulsion

The Type 071 LPDs are powered by integrated combined diesel and diesel (CODAD) propulsion, controlled by an automated propulsion control system.

The propulsion system integrates four Shaanxi 16 PC2.6 V400 diesel engines driving two controllable pitch propellers through twin shafts. Each engine produces a maximum power of 35,197kW.

The power plant provides a maximum speed of 25k and a range of 10,000nm at 18k. The maximum endurance of the vessel is 60 days.