Projects

SSK Tupi Class

The Brazilian Navy's submarine force is based at Base Almirante Castro e Silva, Mocangue Island, which is near Niteroi,

Crew
Improved Tupi - 40<br />Tupi - 30 with 8 officers
Displacement (Surfaced)
Improved Tupi - 1,850t<br />Tupi - 1,260t
Displacement (Dived)
Improved Tupi - 2,425t<br />Tupi - 1,440t
Length
Improved Tupi - 6.7m<br />Tupi - 61m
Width
Improved Tupi - 8m<br />Tupi - 6.2m
Height
5.5m
Surface or Snorting Speed
Over 10kt
Submerged Speed
24kt
Range Surfaced
Improved Tupi - 11,000 miles<br />Tupi - 8,000 miles
Range Dived
400 miles
Torpedo Tubes
8 x bow tubes, 533mm, swim-out discharge
Torpedoes
8 ready-to-launch plus 8 for reloading
IPqM Torpedoes
Range 18km, speed 45kt
Tigerfish Mod 1 or Mod 27 Torpedo
Range 14km to 40km, speed 25kt to 40kt
IPqM Mines
MCF-01/100 mines in lieu of torpedoes
Weapon Control
KAFS-A 10
Radar Warning Receiver
DR-4000
Periscopes
2 x Kollmorgen Mod 76 periscopes
I-band Navigation Radar
Calypso III
Hull-Mounted Sonar
CSU-83/1
Diesel Engines (Tupi)
4 x MTU 12V 493 AZ80 GAA31L
Alternators (Tupi)
4 x Siemens 1.8MW
Motor (Tupi)
Siemens 3.4MW motor
Diesel Engines (Improved Tupi)
4 x MTU 12V 396, providing 2.76MW

The Brazilian Navy’s submarine force is based at Base Almirante Castro e Silva, Mocangue Island, which is near Niteroi, just across the bay to the east of Rio de Janeiro.

The first of class submarine, Tupi (S30), was designed and built in Kiel, Germany, by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW) and commissioned into the Brazilian Navy in 1989. The Arsenal de Marinha naval shipyard in Rio de Janeiro constructed the Tamoio (S31), commissioned in 1994, Timbira (S32), commissioned in 1996, and Tapajo (S33), commissioned in 1999.

“The Tupi Class is capable of launching the BAE Systems mk24 Tigerfish mod 1 or mod 27 torpedo.”

The Improved Tupi Class was to consist of two submarines – Tikuna (S34) and Tapuia. However, budget cuts by the Brazilian Ministry of Defence led to the cancellation of the Tapuia and a halt in construction of the Tikuna.

Tikuna was finally launched in March 2005 and commissioned in December 2005.

TUPI CLASS TORPEDOES

The Tupi and Tikuna are equipped with eight bow tubes fitted with a swim-out discharge system. 16 torpedoes are carried, eight in the tubes and eight ready for reloading. The Instituto de Pesquisas da Marhina (IPqM), the Naval Research Institute of the Brazilian Navy, has designed an anti-submarine torpedo which can be carried on the Tupi submarines. The torpedoes have a range of 18km and speed of 45kt.

The Tupi is also capable of launching the BAE Systems mk24 Tigerfish mod 1 or mod 27 torpedo. The Tigerfish has an acoustic seeker in the nose and is wire-guided. Data is downloaded from the submarine weapon control station to the torpedo’s onboard computer. The torpedo is armed with a 134kg PBXN 105 warhead from BAE Systems.

As the torpedo reaches to the target, a magnetic proximity fuse and an impact fuse detonates the warhead. The speed of the torpedo is 25kt in passive mode and 35kt to 50kt in active seeker mode. The range of Tigerfish is within 14km to 40km.

The Tikuna was to be armed with Saab Bofors Torpedo 2000 heavyweight torpedo. The initial contract for the torpedo, signed in 1999, was cancelled in September 2004. It can also be armed with MCF-01/100 acoustic-magnetic mines supplied by IPqM, which can be carried in lieu of torpedoes.

The submarine’s weapon control system is BAE Systems KAFS-A 10 control system.

In January 2008, Lockheed Martin Maritime Systems and Sensors was awarded a contract for five integrated combat systems for the Tupi and Tikuna Class submarines. The new combat system will enable firing the 30 mk48 mod 6 advanced technology torpedoes that were requested in September 2005.

COUNTERMEASURES

The radar warning receiver on the Tupi and the Tikuna is the DR-4000 supplied by Thales (formerly Thomson-CSF) of Malakoff, France. The DR-4000 is a modular electronic support measures system covering C to J-bands. The antennae include a single omnidirectional antenna surrounded by 12 directional antennae.

SUBMARINE SENSORS

The submarine is equipped with two mod 76 periscopes supplied by Kollmorgen. The I-band navigation radar is the Thales Calypso III.

“The Tupi and Tikuna are equipped with eight bow tubes fitted with a swim-out discharge system.”

The submarine’s hull-mounted sonar is the CSU-83/1 from Atlas Elektronik. The search-and-attack sonar operates at medium frequency in both active and passive modes. The cylindrical bow hydrophone array is passive and provides 360° coverage.

An active transducer array in the sail of the submarine provides a 30° coverage. The system also has three flank arrays on both the port and starboard sides and an intercept sonar.

PROPULSION

The Tupi Class submarines are powered by four 12V 493 AZ80 GAA31L diesel engines developed by MTU, four Siemens alternators rated at 1.8MW and a Siemens 3.4MW motor. The propulsion system provides a surface speed of more than 10kt and a submerged speed of 24kt.

The Improved Tupi (Tikuna) class submarine is equipped with very high-capacity batteries developed by Varta and featuring glass fibre-reinforced plastic lead acid battery cells. Propulsion is diesel-electric with four MTU 12V 396 diesel engines providing 2.76MW. This gives a 30% increased range compared to the four Tupi submarines. The Tikuna is capable of an 11,000-mile range surfaced at an economical speed of 8kt. The range at 4kt dived is in excess of 400 miles.

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