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JSC Zelenodolsk plant is building six patrol ships of the Project 22160 class that is named after A. M. Gorky and intended for use by the Russian Navy’s Black Sea Fleet command. The vessels are designed by Russian ship designing firm JSC Severnoye Design Bureau.
The vessels are primarily intended for duties such as patrol, monitoring and protection in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and territorial waters of Russia in open and closed seas. It can also be used to offer protection for ships in transit, water areas as well as naval bases against enemy attack in wartime.
Other missions of the patrol ship are search and rescue, assistance to disaster victims, environmental monitoring, and combat smuggling and piracy activities.
Construction details of Project 22160 class patrol ships
Keel for the lead ship in the Project 22160 class, designated Vasily Bykov, was laid in February 2014 and is expected to be commissioned into the Russian Navy in 2017.
Construction on the second patrol ship in the series, named Dmitry Rogachev, began in July 2014. Keel laying ceremony of the third ship, designated Pavel Derzhavin, was held in February 2016.
Deliveries of all six vessels are expected for completion by 2020.
Project 22160 class design and features
Featuring modular design, the Project 22160-class patrol ship is 94m-long, 14-m-wide, and 3.4m- high, has a standard displacement of 4,550t, and can accommodate up to 80 personnel.
The vessel is equipped with a telescopic hangar and helicopter deck with facilities at the aft to facilitate take-off, landing and maintenance of one 12t rescue helicopter such as Kamov Kа-27 PS. An inflatable boat can be carried for patrol and transportation tasks.
Armament of Project 22160
The Project 22160-class is armed with one 57mm А-220М naval artillery weapon on the bow of the main deck. With a rate of fire of 300rpm, the gun is designed to defeat air, surface and coastal targets. Two 14.5mm heavy machine guns are mounted on the bridge deck.
The ship is also equipped with two DP-65 grenade launchers and one Gibka air defence missile turret mount, armed with eight Igla man-portable air defence systems. It is optionally offered with one Club-N integrated missile system as well as one Shtil-1 air defence system with two 3S90E.1 modular launchers.
The onboard PK-10 close-range decoy dispensing system offers protection against electro-optical guided weapons and radars. A TK-25 ship-based electronic countermeasure system is used to deceive sonar, radar and lasers.
Navigation and communications
Fitted atop the bridge, a Pal-N ship borne navigation radar is used to scan, detect, identify and track air or surface targets for safe manoeuvring. A Pozitiv-ME1 air / surface flat phased array search radar, also located on the top of the bridge, is designed for the detection and tracking of air and surface targets.
A Pallada sonar system aboard the patrol ship detects and tracks divers, while a Vinyetka-EM active / passive sonar system detects the surface ships, submarines and torpedoes. The ship is also fitted with a MGK-335EM-03 sonar system on the hull.
Propulsion and performance of the patrol vessels
The Project 22160-class is driven by CODAG (combined diesel and gas) type propulsion system with a total output power of 25,000kW. Electrical systems installed in the ship include four 300kW diesel-generators and one 100kW emergency and harbour diesel generator.
The patrol and maximum speeds of the ship are 16kt and 30kt respectively. The ship has a cruising range of 6,000mi at patrol speeds and an endurance of 60 days.
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