Avante 2200 Combatant corvette is designed and built by Spanish shipbuilder Navantia. The vessel is primarily used for surveillance and protection of exclusive economic zones (EEZs).
It is also suited for anti-surface warfare (ASuW), electronic warfare, maritime protection, intelligence gathering, search and rescue (SAR), humanitarian aid and marine pollution control, as well as combating smuggling, drug trafficking and illegal immigration.
A class of four Avante 2200-based patrol vessels entered service with the Venezuelan Navy in 2011.
The Government of Saudi Arabia awarded a €1.8bn ($2.1bn) contract to Navantia to build five Avante 2200 corvettes for the Royal Saudi Naval Forces (RSNF) in July 2018.
Construction on the corvettes commenced in San Fernando shipyard in January 2019 and deliveries are expected to be completed by 2024. The builder is also responsible for providing lifecycle support to the vessels for a base period of five years with a five-year extension option, under the contract.
Al-Jubail is the first of five corvettes built for the RSNF and its launching ceremony was held in July 2020. The second vessel is in an advanced stage of construction, while keel-laying ceremony of the third corvette was held in August 2020.
The RSNF corvettes will have a maximum speed of 27k and provide accommodation for up to 102 people.
The corvette project is expected to create approximately 6,000 direct and indirect jobs a year, for five years.
The Avante 2200 corvette has an overall length of 98.9m, a maximum beam of 13.6m and a design draught of 3.8m. With a full load displacement of roughly 2,470t, the ship can accommodate up to 111 personnel.
Navantia’s MINERVA integrated bridge is installed amidships to manage the corvette’s operations.
The corvette is also compatible with COMPLEX-SIMPLEX integrated platform management system.
The flight deck and hangar at the stern of the ship support operation of a 10t-class helicopter such as NH-90 and Eurocopter AS 565 Panther.
A 5.5m rigid-hulled inflatable boat (RHIB) is carried on both port and starboard sides of the ship to perform critical missions at sea under extreme weather conditions. The boats are deployed and recovered using cranes.
The main gun fitted on the bow section is a Leonardo Super Rapid 76mm machine gun system, which provides a high rate of fire against air and surface targets. The eight-cell vertical launch system (VLS) is installed next to the 76mm cannon for launching surface-to-air missiles (SAMs).
The armament also includes a 30mm machine gun, surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems, surface-to-surface missile (SSM) systems, decoy launchers, and torpedoes.
The corvette is also compatible with Rheinmetall Oerlikon Millennium 35mm weapon system designed by Rheinmetall Air Defence.
The Avante 2200 vessel features Navantia’s CATIZ command and control (C2) system. The CATIZ C2 system integrates and manages the on-board sensors and weapons and supports identification and classification of targets, electronic warfare management, weapons control, tactical information management, and training.
The vessel’s combat management system comprises seven multi-function consoles, four large screen displays, a video distribution system, two tactical servers, and a tactical data link.
The corvette is fitted with Navantia’s DORNA gun fire control system (GFCS), which features all-weather radar and full electro-optical (EO) suite director with multi-target video tracking.
Integrated with the ship’s combat management system, the GFCS provides operational support for surveillance, reconnaissance, search and rescue, navigation, as well as coastal, anti-air and anti-surface capabilities.
The corvettes are outfitted with Navantia’s HERMESYS naval integrated communications control system, which provides voice and data communications for the on-board systems.
The navigation and communication systems installed in the vessel include an identification, friend or foe (IFF) system, navigation radar, echosounder, log, automatic identification system (AIS), two laser gyros, VLF/HF, VHF/UHF, Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS), satellite communications (SATCOM), Iridium, and Inmarsat communications.
Other sensors onboard the vessel include variable depth sonar, navigation radar, air surveillance 3D radar, and electronic support measures (ESM).
The Avante 2200 corvette is powered by a combined diesel and diesel (CODAD) propulsion system, consisting of four 5,920kW diesel engines, two shaft lines and two controllable pitch propellers.
The vessel has a cruising speed of approximately 15k and a maximum speed of 25k. The range of the vessel at cursing speed is 5,000nm, while the endurance is 21 days.
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