News, views and contacts from the global Naval industry
 

Kuznetsov Class (Type 1143.5) Aircraft Carrier, Russia




Key Data


Kuznetsov Class aircraft carrier

The Kuznetsov Class heavy aircraft carrying cruiser, also known as Project 1143.5 or Orel Class, was constructed at Nikolayev South Shipyard on the Black Sea in the Ukraine. The Admiral Kuznetsov was launched in 1985.

The second vessel of the class, the Varyag, was launched in 1988. Admiral Kuznetsov is the only aircraft carrier in the Russian Navy. China purchased an upgraded version of the Varyag from Ukraine in 1998.

The hull design is based on the earlier Admiral Gorshkov, launched in 1982, but it is larger with a full load displacement, 58,500t as compared to 40,400t.

The Admiral Kuznetsov supports strategic missile carrying submarines, surface ships and maritime missile-carrying aircraft of the Russian fleet.

Admiral Gorshkov / INS Vikramaditya

"China purchased an upgraded version of the Varyag from Ukraine in 1998."

Admiral Gorshkov has not been operational since 1988 but, in January 2004, India signed an agreement to buy the vessel which is to be extensively refurbished with new propulsion systems, weapons and modernisation of the deck for new aircraft.

The vessel was sold for the price of the refit along with the purchase of 16 MiG-29K fighters and eight Ka-27 and Ka-31 naval helicopters for the carrier group. It was formally handed over in March 2004.

Gorshkov was renamed INS Vikramaditya, and the refit was completed by March 2012 and followed by sea trials. The Indian Navy commissioned INS Vikramaditya in November 2013.

Kuznetsov Class aircraft

The flight deck area is 14,700m² and aircraft take-off is assisted by a bow ski-jump angled at 12°. The flight deck is equipped with arrester wires. Two starboard lifts carry the aircraft from the hangar to the flight deck.

The ship has the capacity to support 16 Yakovlev Yak-41M (Nato code name Freestyle), 12 Sukhoi Su-27K (Nato codename Flanker) fixed-wing aircraft and a range of helicopters including four Kamov Ka-27-LD (Nato codename Helix), 18 Kamov Ka-27 PLO and two Ka-27-S.

Missiles

The ship has a Granit anti-ship missile system equipped with 12 surface-to-surface missile launchers. The Granit missile (Nato codename SS-N-19 Shipwreck) is reported to have a range greater than 400km and is capable of carrying either a nuclear or conventional warhead.

"Gorshkov was renamed INS Vikramaditya, and the refit was completed by March 2012 and followed by sea trials."

The Klinok air defence missile system, with 24 vertical launchers and 192 missiles, defends the ship against anti-ship missiles, aircraft and surface ships.

The system has a multichannel electronically steered phased array radar and can achieve a firing rate of one missile every three seconds. Four targets can be engaged simultaneously in a 60°×60° sector. The range of the system is 12km to 15km.

The Kashstan air defence gun / missile system, supplied by the Instrument Design Bureau and Tulamashzavod JSC in Tula, provides defence against precision weapons including anti-ship and anti-radar missiles, aircraft and small sea targets.

Eight systems are fitted, combining missile launcher, 30mm twin gun and radar / optronic director. The range of the laser beam-riding missiles is from 1.5km to 8km. The gun can fire up to 1,000 rounds a minute in the range 0.5km to 1.5km. Six AK630 AD 30mm air defence guns are also fitted.

Anti-submarine warfare

The ship is equipped with an Udav-1 anti-submarine system with 60 anti-submarine rockets. Udav-1, supplied by the Splav Research and Production Association in Moscow, protects surface ships by diverting and destroying incoming torpedoes.

The system also provides defence against submarines and saboteur systems such as underwater vehicles. The system has ten barrels and is capable of firing 111SG depth charge projectiles, 111SZ mine-laying projectiles and 111SO diverting projectiles. The range of the system is up to 3,000m and the submarine engagement depth is to 600m.

Sensors

The ship's radars include a D/E-band air and surface target acquisition radar, an F-band surface search radar, G/H-band flight control radar, I-band navigation radar, and four K-band fire control radars for the Kashstan air defence gun / missile system.

The ship's hull-mounted search and attack sonar, operating in the medium and low-frequency bands, is capable of detecting torpedoes and submarines. The anti-submarine warfare aircraft are equipped with surface search radar, dipping sonar, sonobuoys and magnetic anomaly detectors.

Propulsion

The ship is conventionally powered and has eight boilers and four steam turbines, each producing 50,000hp, driving four shafts with fixed-pitch propellers. The maximum speed is 29kt, and the range at maximum speed is 3,800 miles. The maximum range is 8,500 miles at a speed of 18kt.

Defence link

Related content


Vigilant Class Independent Unmanned Surface Vessel (IUSV), Singapore

Vigilant Class Independent Unmanned Surface Vessel (IUSV) is being developed by Zycraft, a company based in Singapore.

San Antonio Class Landing Platform Dock, United States of America

The San Antonio Class landing platform dock is the latest class of amphibious force ship for the United States Navy.


Kuznetsov Class Heavy Aircraft Carrying Cruiser at sea Project 1143.5, known in the West as the Kuznetsov Class.
Hull design of the Modified  Heavy Aircraft Carrying Cruiser, Kiev Class The hull design is based on the earlier Modified Kiev Class.
Admiral Kuznetsov Aircraft Carrier on manoeuvres The Admiral Kuznetsov Aircraft Carrier on manoeuvres.
Interior of the Admiral Kuznetsov's aircraft hangar In the Admiral Kuznetsov's aircraft hangar.
Admiral Kuznetsov Aircraft Carrier with various aircraft aboard Admiral Kuznetsov was constructed at the Black Sea Nikolayev South Shipyard in Ukraine.
Su-27 Flanker aircraft with wings stowed away aboard an aircraft carrier Su-27 Flanker with wings stowed on board Kuznetsov.
Su-33 fighter jet aboard the Admiral Kuznetsov An Su-33 aboard the Admiral Kuznetsov with afterburners full on.
The Granit Anti-ship Missile System The Granit Anti-ship Missile System.
Su-33 Flanker-D about to land on the Kuznetsov Class heavy aircraft carrying cruiser An Su-33 Flanker-D about to land on the carrier.