Nato has launched the annual anti-submarine warfare exercise Dynamic Manta 2017 (DYMA 17) off the Sicilian coast in Italy.
DYMA 17 will see ten surface ships, submarines, three shore-based helicopters and personnel from ten allied nations converge on the Central Mediterranean Sea.
Countries participating in the exercise include Canada, France, Greece, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, Turkey the US and the UK.
DYMA is expected to focus on providing complex and challenging warfare training to improve the participants' interoperability and proficiency in anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare skills.
Nato Maritime air commander commodore Andreas Vettos said: "Nato’s annual anti-submarine warfare exercise Dynamic Manta remains one of the most challenging exercises, and an excellent opportunity for Nato nations’ naval forces to practice and evaluate their anti-submarine skillset in a challenging environment.
"This exercise is a unique opportunity to enhance naval forces’ warfighting skills in all three dimensions of anti-submarine-warfare in a multinational and multi-threat environment.”
Surface ships will conduct a variety of submarine warfare operations throughout the drill, while submarines will take turns hunting and being hunted, closely coordinating their efforts with the air and surface participants.
Italy is supporting the exercise from the Augusta Naval Base, Catania Harbour and the Sigonella Air Base in Catania.
Image: Ships and submarines in Catania, Italy, prior to exercise Dynamic Manta. Photo: courtesy of Nato.