The COVID-19 pandemic, whilst bringing much of the global daily life to a halt, has exacerbated the already rising tensions between China and the US. This growing adversarial relationship is driven by a number of factors. The COVID-19 pandemic has degraded the US-China relationship in a number of ways. Rhetorically, the politicization of the Chinese origin of COVID-19 in the US has served to further entrench an adversarial attitude between the world’s two greatest powers. Competition regarding the development of a vaccine has also served to degrade relations.
The People’s Republic of China has repeatedly affirmed its resolve to use all measures necessary, including military force, to prevent Taiwan from declaring its independence from Beijing. Given this commitment, in addition to the rapid modernisation of the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) in recent years, the need for Taiwan to maintain anti-ship capabilities in increasingly acute. In late December 2019, the PLAN sailed its aircraft carrier, the Shandong, through the Taiwan Strait. In early August two Taiwanese F-16A Vipers flew an air patrol mission armed with live AGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles. This mission was conducted in response to the People’s Liberation Army’s military exercise which simulates the seizing of Taiwan’s Dongsha Islands. These events are the latest in a series of confrontations which have taken place during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Given the proximity of mainland China to Taiwan, it is crucial that Taiwan maintains the ability to resist a fait accompli strategy, by which the People’s Liberation Army rapidly seizes territorial control of Taiwan before a coherent response from allies can be rallied. Anti-ship capabilities are vital in this regard.
It is clear that whilst the current crisis has brought the global economy largely to a halt, it has enflamed already strained tensions. Australia’s 2020 Defence Strategic Update characterises the COVID-19 pandemic as a destabilising agent, creating a world, in Morrison’s words, that is “poorer, that is more dangerous and that is more disorderly”. It is in this context, in which a confrontation between China, Taiwan, and the US is more likely, not less, that procurement of defense articles has become a more pressing concern.