Indian Navy's Kalvari submarine conducts first missile launch in Arabian Sea
The Indian Navy’s Kalvari-class (Scorpène-class) submarine has successfully conducted the first test firing of an anti-ship guided missile in the Arabian Sea.
The missile successfully struck a surface target at extended ranges during the test firing, which marked a significant milestone in enhancing the Indian Navy’s sub-surface warfare capability.
Indian Navy sources state that the missile fired was a French SM-39 Exocet anti-ship missile, reported The Hindu newspaper.
The Kalvari submarine is the first in a series of six Scorpene-class vessels being constructed in the country for the Indian Navy.
The entire fleet of 1,750t Kalvari-class submarines will be integrated with the anti-ship missiles that can be effectively used during combat, while also providing the vessels with the capability to neutralise surface threats at extended ranges.
Construction of the submarines is currently underway as part of an INR187.98bn ($4.16bn) Project 75 (P-75) contract by Indian shipyard Mazgaon Docks. The vessels will be equipped with technology from France.
The first Kalvari submarine was successfully undocked in April 2015 at the Mazagon Dock shipyard. The remaining five vessels are expected to be delivered to the navy by 2020.
Kalvari submarines are 67m-long and can dive up to a depth of 300m. They require minimum manning and have a low lifecycle cost.
Image: The Indian Navy’s first Scorpene-class submarine, INS Kalvari. Photo: courtesy of Indian Navy.